Facts and Figures about Cambodia

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Amounts in $ are United States dollars.

Some of these statistics were compiled several years ago. Please note the dates given for sources.

Population

Cambodia's census conducted in 2008 recorded a population of 13,395,682 (6,516,054 males and 6,879,628 females).

The annual population growth rate declined from 2.49% in 1998 to 1.54% in 2008.

80.5% of Cambodians live in rural areas.

The average household size is 4.7 people.

Source

General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2009.

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Poverty

28.3% of Cambodians live on less than $1.25 (purchasing power parity) per day.

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2011.

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Economy

Cambodia's Gross Domestic Product per capita in 2009 was $1,739.

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2011


Foreign direct investment approvals in Cambodia fell from $4.3 billion in 2006 to $2.7 billion in 2007 [a]. According to the World Bank, the actual inflow in 2007 was $866 million [b].

Sources

[a] Sok Chenda, secretary general of the Council for the Development of Cambodia, quoted by Kyodo News, 27 February 2008.

[b] Reported by Reuters, 7 January 2009.


3.7% of Cambodians have bank accounts with a financial institution, while less than 1% of those with an account are actually using them to save money.

Source

The World Bank's Global Financial Development Report for 2014 cited in the The Cambodia Daily, 12 November 2013.


According to the Gallup World Poll, which surveyed at least 1,000 people in each of 148 countries in 2011, 19% of Cambodians had received a loan from a financial institution in the past year.

Source

The Cambodia Daily, 27 December 2012.

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Development

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite measure of achievements in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, access to education and a decent standard of living. The HDI score for Cambodia in 2011 was estimated at 0.523. The country with an HDI rank of 1 (Norway) is considered the most developed; the country with an HDI rank of 187 (Democratic Republic of the Congo) is considered the least developed. Cambodia's HDI rank was 139.

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2011.


26.4% of Cambodian households use electricity as their main source of light; 33.7% have a toilet facility within their premises; 47.0% have access to improved water sources (including piped water, tube/pipe well , protected dug well and rain water; 83.6% use firewood as their main type of fuel for cooking

Source

General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2009.

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Health

The infant mortality rate for the five years ending in 2005 was 65 per 1,000 live births [a] and the under-5 mortality rate was 83 per 1,000 live births [a]. According to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, under-5 mortality fell from 105.4 in 2000 to 59.7 in 2010 [b].

Maternal mortality rate is 124 per 100,000 in urban areas and 288 per 100,000 in rural areas [c].

Sources

[a] Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2005 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2006.

[b] Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries, 1970-2010: a systematic analysis of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 4 published in The Lancet, 24 May 2010.

[c] Dr Mam Bunheng, Minister of Health, in an interview with VOA Khmer, 3 May 2012.


Average life expectancy at birth for a Cambodian is 63.1 years

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2011.


According to a study by the psychology department of the Royal University of Phnom Penh, 2.7% of the Cambodian population suffers from post-trauma or traumatic symptoms.

Cambodia has no mental hospitals. Nine health care centres are equipped to deal with mental problems.

Source

Report by Voice of America, 8 December 2012.


In 2012, 42.1% of Cambodian men and 4% of Cambodian women were smoking on a daily basis. Smoking kills 9,000 Cambodian men every year.

Source

Smoking Prevalence and Cigarette Consumption in 187 Countries, 1980-2012, Journal of the American Medical Association, January 2014, cited by the Cambodia Daily, 8 January 2014.


43 people were killed and 185 were injured by landmines and unexploded ordnance in 2012.

Source

Cambodian Mine Action Centre, cited by the Cambodia Daily, 14 February 2013.

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Education

The adult literacy rate for Cambodian men is 85.1%; that for women is 70.9%

Source

General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2009.

Educational levels completed by literate persons aged 25 years and over are as follows:


No educational level: 3.2% Primary not completed: 47.2% Primary: 26.8% Lower Secondary: 18.8% Secondary/Diploma: 2.2% Beyond Secondary: 1.8%

The percentage of the population in each age group attending an educational institution are as follows:


<6 6 - 14 15 - 19 20 - 24 25+
28.91% 80.19% 51.83% 14.37% 1.20%

Source

General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2009.

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Employment

320,734 people, of which 293,664 are women, are employed in 269 garment factories in Cambodia. In 2009, garment exports were valued at US$2,385 million.

Source

Ministry of Commerce, quoted by Xinhua news agency, 20 May 2010.


An estimated 755,250 children in Cambodia were engaged in economic activities in 2012. 236,498, or 31.3% of the total, were engaged in hazardous labour. 55% of child labourers had either dropped out of school or had never attended school; the remaining 45% were attending school.

Source

Cambodia Labour Force and Child Labour Survey Report 2012, cited by Global Post, 27 November 2013.

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Environment

Cambodia lost more than 7% of its forest cover between 2000 and 2012—the fifth fastest rate in the world.

Source

High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change, published in Science, 15 November 2013, and cited in the The Cambodia Daily, 19 November 2013.

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Tourism

In 2013 there were 4.2 million foreign tourist arrivals in Cambodia, a 14% increase over 2012.

Source

The Cambodia Daily, 30 January 2014.

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Religion

There are an estimated 4,392 Theravada Buddhist pagodas and 105 Mahayana Buddhist temples in Cambodia

There are approximately 464,000 Muslims in Cambodia, 280 mosques and 374 small suravs (meeting places that have congregations of up to 40 persons and do not have a minbar from which Friday sermons are given).

Sources

International Religious Freedom Report 2010, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US Department of State.

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The Christian Church

In 1990, when the Christian church in Cambodia was granted permission to operate by the government, there were ten Protestant churches in the country, all in Phnom Penh.

At a consultation held at the end of 2002, leaders of churches, denominations and mission agencies estimated that there were over 2,000 evangelical churches and over 100,000 evangelical Christians in Cambodia. The number of churches includes those awaiting registration by the Ministry of Religion and Cults.


The International Religious Freedom Report 2010, from the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US Department of State, estimated that the Christian community constitutes approximately 2% of Cambodia's population. The report stated that Cambodia has 1,292 churches (1,224 Protestant and 68 Roman Catholic), of which about 1,000 are registered with the government. In adition, the report refers to 883 'offices of prayer' . The report explains: 'The government makes a legal distinction between churches and offices of prayer. Establishment of a church requires that the founders own the building and the land where the church is located. The facility must have a minimum capacity of 200 persons, and the permit application requires support of at least 100 congregants. By contrast, an office of prayer can be located on/in rented facilities/property, does not require a minimum capacity for the facility, and the permit application requires only 20 supporters.'

Source

International Religious Freedom Report 2010, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US Department of State.


About 75% of Cambodian churches are initiated and led by Cambodians and have no connection with mission organisations. The average age of church leaders is 38. 88% work to support themselves; 60% are farmers. 5% of church leaders have graduated from high school and 71% from primary school.

Source

Article in Go, the magazine of Interserve International, fourth quarter 2012. The same article suggests that there may have been between 5,000 and 7,500 Christian congregations in Cambodia in 2012 and that Christians make up 2-3% of the population.

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Updates and Corrections

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